Sunday, February 9, 2020
The Calvin Coolidge Administration - Research Paper Example As the report discussesin 1912, people elected him to the Massachusetts State Senate. From 1916-1918 he served as the lieutenant governor before moving to the executive's chair. Coolidge as governor supported the pay increment for public workers and reduced working hours for women and children. He also limited outdoor advertising. In the 1920 presidential nominations, he was voted in as Warren HardingÃ¢â¬â¢s running mate. As a vice president, he kept a low profile but dedicated a lot of time towards public speaking. In august 2nd 1983, President Harding died because of a heart attack. Coolidge was administered the oath of office by his father, as his father was a justice of peace. He then became the 30th president of the US.From this research it is clear thatÃ Coolidge was one of the U.S presidents who put the interest of their country at heart. He was not willing to let the state get involved in any international relationships that did not address its interests. This was congrue nt with his pledge of ensuring that his country would not be in a position entangled with any other state. It was with this respect that he was reluctant for his country to join the League of Nations.Ã Coolidge did not agree with the notion that legislation may uplift all problems. He saw it as a pernicious doctrine. As governor and eventually being a president, Coolidge favored no legislative agenda in the broad sense because he generally did not believe in any legislation.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Abolitionist movement Essay With the enlightenment and awareness of people regarding human rights came the abolitionist movement. Slavery was something that violated the basic tenet of human rights and dignity, and so it had to be abolished. Northern states have begun to pass acts which declared that all men were born free and equal. Several movements that involved religion and political movements highly influenced the strength and expanse of abolitionist ideals throughout the country. The movements that supported abolitionism varied in method and degree. Some were pacifist, as they tried to use the legal system and passed legislation seeking to make slavery illegal. Others utilized literature and the press like Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of the famous novel Uncle TomÃ¢â¬â¢s Cabin. Religious movements declared slavery to be sinful and un-Christian, to discourage believers from keeping and owning slaves. Only a minority of abolitionists used to armed revolt and instigation of unrest and anger among the slaves as the main machinery to further their cause. The movement continued its stride to abolish slavery, but its strongest anchor point came with the election of a known contester of slavery, Abraham Lincoln, as president. With the head of state holding this position of opposition of slavery, the south felt that their way of life was endangered and threatened. Economic repercussions will be felt by their planters in the cotton, tobacco and sugar farms if the hands that worked in the plantations were to be set free. The zenith of the tensions between the south and the north was the American Civil war. It broke out when the south organized and removed themselves from the control of the American government. Rise of Abolitionism Historian James McPherson defined an abolitionist as a person who has fought for the abolition of slavery in the United States before the Civil war. American abolition started early on, as there were several groups already fighting for the liberation of slaves, such as the Society of Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage, and there were several institutions which prohibited slavery already. Several states had passed laws that completely prohibited slavery in their territories. Those who joined the American Anti-Slavery Society or other groups were abolitionists. These movements were not unified, and so could not boast a unified strength. Vermont was the first territory to make slavery illegal, and Pennsylvania was the first state to abolish slavery in 1780. Then several states followed PennsylvaniaÃ¢â¬â¢s example while some states chose to limit slave trading. Many of the states in the south retained the institution of slavery as it was the regionÃ¢â¬â¢s life line in their plantations. Their strong adherence to the institution drove them to take a defensive stance against the rising popularity of the abolitionist movement. Many abolitionist writers distributed many anti-slavery writings and literature to the south to help spread the ideologies. Novels, pamphlets and other forms of writing began to circulate not just in the north, but also in the southern region. Southern officials were enraged at the act, and thus moved to ban all types of literature that might instigate rebellion and changes in the south. Violence was even employed to stop the circulation of antislavery media in the south. Elijah Parish Lovejoy, the editor of an abolitionist newspaper was murdered by a mob of pro-slavery southerners. His printing press was also destroyed. Abolitionists recognized the fact that slavery needed to be abolished everywhere in the country, but the north cannot interfere with the affairs of the south because of federal ruling. Because of this, many abolitionists focused on liberating the north and skipping the southern states. Some abolitionists were frustrated and did not like this idea, as they believed that every state should be free of slavery. The movement was further fortified by the support of free African-Americans and their church. With the issue of the constitution, the American Abolitionist movement split up into two groups, the Garrisonians, led by William Garrison and Wendell Phillips and another camp led by Spooner and Gerrit Smith. The Garrisonians believed that the constitution promoted slavery while SpoonerÃ¢â¬â¢s group believed the constitution to be antislavery. Since slavery was unconstitutional, it could be abolished with the blessing of the law. More divisions in the abolitionist movement arose, but because of the social classes of the abolitionists themselves. The artisans and elites divided themselves on the issue of slavery as well. The Underground Railroad was used as a venue by many abolitionists to become more active in the cause for abolition of slavery. Many of the fugitive slaves were illegally transported away from their masters to be free men via this rail. But the railroad was made illegal by the passing of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. But this did not stop the abolitionists from providing shelter and transporting slaves to freedom. After the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 was done, many abolitionists moved to liberate slaves in the slave states. There were also movements to improve the social and living conditions of African-Americans all over the country. The Thirteenth Amendment finally ended all slave subjugations in the country.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
To begin with,a health practisioner may fascilate behaviour change in an individual with a health risk behaviour through the application of different behaviour change theories and strategies. In general,health risk behaviours are actions which may threaten an individual's health causing negative effects(Barkway,2009).Until the mid 20th century,global health threats were primarily a result of infectious and communicable diseases.However,recently in developed countries,health threats are now posed by diseases in which lifestyle play a role in the causation and or management of illness.For instance,the modifiable risk factors for coronary heart disease,a leading cause of disease burden are tobacco smoking,high blood pressure and high colesterol level which are eventually related to health behaviour and lifestyle(Barkway,2009). This essay will first introduce the health risk behaviour,in this case,smoking.Secondly,it will decribes the theories or models of behaviour change, which are thecognitive and non cognitive theories, transtheoritical model of behaviour change and motivational interwiewing.Lastly,it will mention the different health strategies and how it aids in bringing about behaviour change followed by the conclusion. Jones(as cited in Jons and Creedy,2008) states that large proportion of the morbidity and mortality associated with lifestyle diseases is preventable.It is also estimated that 25 % of all cancer deaths and a large propotion of deaths from coronory heart disease and stroke could be prevented by modifying just one behaviour,that is,cigratte smoking(Taylor as cited in Jons and Creedy,2008).In addition,Allen(as cited in Jons and Creedy,2008) sta... ... and withdrawal symptoms. Currently, bupropion (Zyban) and varenicline (Chantix) are the only two medications that donÃ¢â¬â¢t contain nicotine which are approved as smoking cessation aids. These anti-smoking pills are intended for short-term use. (Lhrar,Segal&Smith,2008). To sum up,it seems that a health practisioner can fascilate behaviour change through the understanding and application of various behaviour change theories, and different considerable strategies.The different theories seem to educate and guide a health practisioner through the processes of behaviour change . It is also noted that, behaviour change requires willingness or determination from an individual with a health risk behaviour and a health practisioner's knowledge on how and through what strategies to bring about that change to achieve the goal of fascilating behaviour change.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Theoretical Evaluation After analyzing our results from the survey, the researchers can assign theories attempt to explain how specific factors can impact their organizational behavior. Positive Coworkers: A positive finding from the research that the relationship between employees. The employee s work well together and get to know each other better; moreover, by interacting together the employees created strong relationship with each other. This practice fall into McClelland s Theory of Needs which is a theory states that individualÃ¢â¬â¢s specific needs are acquired over time and are shaped by each personÃ¢â¬â¢s life experiences. Since the Raley employees have strong relationship they follow the three McClelland s Theory of Needs which is the need for affiliations. This theory is Ã¢â¬Å"the desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationshipÃ¢â¬ (Robbin, S.P. and Judge T.A). When the workplace is fun and friendly, this decreases the extent of work conflict and it creates a happy workplace. Strong employee s relationship increases the level of satisfaction and motivation. Flexibility Schedule: The flexibility of their work schedules is an aspect that many employees like about working in the Raley Organization. The flexibility of their work schedules benefit both the older and younger employees. For example, older employees such as those with families get the flexibility to work in the morning shifts, while younger employees who adjust their availability due to school get theShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Behavior And Human Behavior1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOrganizational behavior studies the impact of groups, individuals, and structures have on the personal human behavior within many organizations. There is many different definitions of organizational behavior, but they are all relatively the same in all cases. Ã¢â¬Å"Organizational behavior studies organizations from multiple viewpoints, including behavior within the organization and in relation to other organizations (Boundless.com).Ã¢â¬ This is not just the study on one organization, but the study withinRead MoreCom munication in Business in Changing External Environments1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis the number of external factors in the environment that affect organizations. Complex environments have many environmental factors; simple environments have few. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Resource Scarcity is the degree to which an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s external environment has an abundance or scarcity of critical organizational resources. Ã Ã 2.Ã Ã Ã Ã How do the characteristics of changing environments affect uncertainty? Environmental change, environmental complexity, and resource scarcity affect environmental uncertaintyRead MoreRelationship of Counterproductive Behaviors with Job Performance887 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesare said to depict positive behaviors like innovative behavior and OCB when the individuals feel the support of the organization, i.e., perceived organizational support (POS) and negative behaviors like CWB in a non-supportive organization (Scheuer, 2010). From this perspective the workplace deviance can be triggered with respect to the unfavorable or unsupportive working conditions. (Colbert, Mount, Harter, Barrick, Witt, 2004). Thus this leads to the organizational context that has to be takenRead MoreOrganizational Culture Essay731 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Edgar Schein, a famous theorists dealing with organizational culture, provides the following definition for the term: A pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group learned as it solved its problems that has worked well enough to be considered valid and is passed on to new members as the correct way to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems. (organizationalculture101) However, organizational culture is more than sharing assumptions used by a group to solve problems;Read MoreThe Chicago School Of Professional Psychology Essay1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"things that affect free enterprise affect the whole societyÃ¢â¬ (p. 86). Additionally, Aleksic (2013) wrote the article Ã¢â¬Å"How Organizations Achieve LongevityÃ¢â¬ and suggested that Ã¢â¬Å"change management can be considered as an important determinant of organizational longevityÃ¢â¬ (p. 65). Moreover, Khan (2014) stated in the article Ã¢â¬Å"The Longevity of Large Enterprises: A Study of the Factors that Sustain Enterprises over an Extended Period of Time,Ã¢â¬ that Ã¢â¬Å"the findings indicate that many factors are indeed linkedRead MoreOrganizational Structure Essay1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDate: January 18, 2013 To: MG 561 Class From: Jessica Rushing Subject: Ã¢â¬Å"Organizational StructureÃ¢â¬ Introduction: Organizational structure provides the framework of an organization determining how roles and responsibilities are delegated throughout the different levels of the organization. It has been defined by some as the looking glass through which coworkers see their organization and its surrounding environment while others have described structure as the backbone of the organizationRead MoreEthical Issues That Affect The Field Of Organizational Behavior948 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis influenced by factors of religion, the society, past experience and individual perceptions about different issues (Carroll Buchholtz, 2014). Ethics dictates what values are and the social responsibility that an individual or a group of people play towards the society. The purpose of this article is to discuss the ethical issues that affect the field of organizational behavior. Organizational behavior refers to the study of how people interact with each other in organizational settings and thisRead MoreEmployee J ob Satisfaction Has A Large Impact On Their Organization806 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdissatisfied can lead to high turnover, higher absenteeism, affect their overall job performance, and impact customer satisfaction (Robbins Judge, 2009 pp 87-89). This post will discuss the impact job satisfaction has in regards to organizational citizenship behavior and employee engagement. Causes of Job Satisfaction There are several factors that influence an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s satisfaction in their job. Some of the factors that impact an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s satisfaction are pay, advancementRead MoreIndividual Behaviour Research Paper983 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages3rd lecture Individual Behavior Prof. Dr. Robert J. Zaugg firstname.lastname@example.org Individual Behavior Learning Objectives Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Explain the nature of the individual-organization relationship Define personality and describe personality attributes that affect behavior in organizations Discuss individual attitudes in organizations and how they affect behavior Describe basic perceptual processes and the role of attributions in organizations Explain how workplace behaviors can directly or indirectlyRead MoreOrganizational Behavior Is The Study Of Conduct And Attitude1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOrganizational behavior is the study of conduct and attitude of people within an organization. According to Robbins Judge (2015), the behavior of individuals working in an organization contributes to its level of performance. A systematic approach has been used in this paper to interpret the relationship among individuals working together in an organization for the purpose of achieving a common goal. There are a number of factors that influences the operations of an organization such as conflict
Saturday, December 28, 2019
By the end of World War II, it was globally evident that the United States was the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s strongest military power. During the 1950s, the United States experienced a period of glaring economic growth, with an increase in manufacturing and nation-wide consumerism. The benefits of this prosperity Ã¢â¬â television sets, new cars, new homes (suburbanization), and other consumer goods Ã¢â¬â were more prominent than ever before. The 50s were also an era of great conflict. (ex. racial discrimination and the early stages of civil rights movement, the fear/fight against communism at home and abroad, and the issues of classism and social inequality). The 1950s in the United States are commonly described as socially conservative and extremely materialistic.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The term Ã¢â¬Å"boomÃ¢â¬ is frequently used when describing the United States during the 1950s. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s used to refer to the booming economy, the booming suburban development, and most of a ll the Ã¢â¬Å"baby boomÃ¢â¬ . After World War II ended, despite the fear caused by the Cold War, many Americans were confident that the future held nothing but peace and prosperity. This belief made Americans start having children, at a rapid rate (around four million babies were born each year). Between 1945 and 1960, the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s GNP was more than twice the amount prior, increasing from two-hundred billion to more than five-hundred billion. The unemployment rate and inflation rate were very low, and the wages were high. During World War II, many people had to pick up jobs that they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t normally doing, so after the war traditional job titles were reaffirmed. The men were expected to be the source of income for the family and women were to take care of things at home. Another critical element of the 1950s was the Cold War(1945-1991). The Cold War was the continuing state of military tension, economic competition, political conflict, and ideological rivalry betw een the Soviet Union and the United States. The war did not consist of any physical fighting or violence. The Cold War was characterized by the use of espionage, the building up of military forces and nuclear arsenals, weapon
Friday, December 20, 2019
Effective Writing is Important I have become to notice, through my coursework, that writing well is a tool that everyone can benefit from. Good writers will tell of many an occasion in which their talent has earned them advancement; an advancement that comes to play not only in the job market but also for personal gratification. Fortunately, writing is a skill that can be both taught and practiced to a point at which virtual perfection is reached. The many facets of writing can seem quite overwhelming to the novice. The aspect of writing that most people are unaware of is the fact that it is actually broken down into just a few basic principles. Because of the many benefits that proper voice, structure, and thesis development bring toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Voice is the key to getting the reader involved in an essay. Without it, the reader becomes passive and the essay can not be comprehended. Most essays have the essential material, so the manner in which the material is presented can make a difference. When voice is properly executed in an essay, the reader can interact with the writing and make the necessary connections. The best sportswriters in the country are experts in using voice. How else can one become involved in the action? Without voice, a play by play description can become a tedious mas s of words. Voice is a logical facet of writing which, when properly executed, leads the path to effective writing. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Effective structure is a necessity in essay writing. Without it, a capable piece of writing can become a nebulous maze of imperfection. Structure acts as a road map for the reader. When the reader can follow the essays structure, the essay as a whole becomes easier to comprehend. The reader can follow the essay logically and therefore does not have to fill in his own gaps. When a reader can read without stumbling across deformities, he is at bliss and proper structure can lead to this bliss. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Finally, the actual development of the thesis is a key to effective writing. Again, the reader is always the primary focus and the writing must adhere to his needs. The thesis statement provides a basis for the essay; a basis for the reader. OnceShow MoreRelatedEffective College Level Writing Strategies Essays711 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEffective College Level Writing Strategies When asked about effective writing, many people respond that it is the act of placing the thoughts together in a logical manner. This response is too narrow because it suggests that effective writing is only a matter of getting the writing code correct. It also suggests that writing degenerates from the thought, which is not the case. Although the definitions of effective writing has nothing to do with effective writing itself, there are various points ofRead MoreÃ¢â¬ËWRITE EVERYDAYÃ¢â¬â¢ it is a common advice. Indeed writing is an important and inescapable part of our800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬ËWRITE EVERYDAYÃ¢â¬â¢ it is a common advice. Indeed writing is an important and inescapable part of our daily life. When a person learns how to write daily, a whole world of possibilities open for him. He can pen up his thoughts, create a story and can make his own illusionary world. Writing promotes oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to pose worthwhile questions. Writing is something which is en during, it always leaves an impact on others. It makes thinking visible. Writing daily makes you seem more professional and geniusRead More7cs of Written Communication1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCÃ¢â¬â¢s off effective communication (with respect to written communication): Written communicationÃ occupies an important position in the communication sphere, so written communication has to pay adequate attention on certain principles of necessity. The essentials of every written communication are principles of unity, coherence and emphasis. These principles along with other essentials of effective communication, like language, planning and organization make the written communication effective. Read MoreEssay about Important Language Skills1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImportant Language Skill Out of the Four Language Skills Communication plays a vital role in our daily life. To acquire good communication, command on four language skills is important i.e. Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. I studied a few articles in which the authors specified the significance of each language skill. They found a strong positive relation between the four skills and stated that none of these is complete without the other. Effective communication is acquired after learningRead MoreFree Writing Is A Common Issue Among Beginner Writers985 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfree writing. Free writing is a form of pre-writing. It is important to become familiar with this technique. Most English professorsÃ¢â¬â¢ use this tool to assist their students with organizing their creative thought. In this essay, I will reveal the true meaning behind the mastery of free writing. Writer s Block is a common issue amongst beginner writers. The ability to write freely takes practice. An exercise that may help you to organize your thought process is called free writing. Free writing isRead MoreThe Seven Tips For Effective Business Writing1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCoherence is one of the seven tips for effective business writing. It allows flow of thoughts to be logical and easy to follow. Analyzing purpose, examining readerÃ¢â¬â¢s need and outlining before writing are some of the ways to make writing coherent. In addition to these, there are several other techniques that can help to structure effective paragraphs and essays. One way to write coherently is to write with unity. This can be achieved by establishing a main idea and summarizing it into a single sentenceRead MoreBusiness Writing1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImproving Business Writing Why is writing important in business? Writing is essential in any form of business. We use writing in all types of communication such as: email, facsimile, letter writing, etc. Writing skills are important to the business professional because it prepares the workplace for well-written business communications. The three topics I will cover can serve as an outline for improving writing skills in businesses. The topics are principles of business writing, how to writeRead MoreEffective Reading and Writing Instruction Essay1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDespite the importance of writing, many students are performing below grade level and lack the necessary skills needed to be successful (Zumbrunn Krause, 2012; Santangelo Olinghouse, 2009). There are many factors that shape studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ writing development but there are others that contribute to studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ writing problems. According to Graham (2008) and Zumbrunn Krause (2012), students and teachers both struggle to grasp the concept due to the complex nature of writing and writing instruction. ThereforeRead MoreEssay on The Writing Process944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConsider how the writing process you read about in this class differs from the process you have used in the past. What specifically have you done in the past compared to what you read about this week? . The process that I have read about in this class differs a lot from the process I have used in the past in many different ways. I n the past when I was given a writing assignment if research was needed I just found the basic information I needed and write the paper. After the readings this weekRead MoreThe Main Reason For The Writing Process849 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe main reason for the writing process is to assess what the students can come up with or can create on their own. There are five stages of the writing process, which are prewriting, drafting, revising, editing and publishing. These stages reoccur once the students begin to write, meaning that the order of the process can go back and forth. Grammar is important when students think of writing because in order to write you need to know how to use correct spelling conventions to communicate with readers